基因研究與文獻發表

論文引用華聯產品
華聯產品: Mouse OneArray

Transcriptomic analysis of EGb 761-regulated neuroactive receptor pathway in vivo.

Journal of Ethnopharmacology 2009, 123(1):68-73. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2009.02.027
Abstract
Although EGb 761 exhibits neuroprotective effects and exerts beneficial effects on many neurological disorders, its mechanism on the neuronal functions is unclear so far. In this study, we used oligonucleotide microarray technique to investigate the effect of EGb 761 on the transcriptional profile of mouse genes. RNA samples were obtained from frontal cortex, straitum, and kidneys after the oral administration of EGb 761 for seven consecutive days. Our data showed that EGb 761 significantly altered the neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction pathway in frontal cortex but not in straitum and kidney. Then we analyzed 26 receptor genes that were significantly altered by EGb 761 in this pathway and found that EGb 761 treatment highly up-regulated the subgroup of dopamine receptors, especially dopamine receptor 1a (Drd1a), in frontal cortex. Quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemical staining confirmed the increased level of Drd1a expression after EGb 761 treatment. In summary, we investigated for the first time the overall effects of EGb 761 on the gene expression in brain using a powerful systemic biological technique. Our results suggested that EGb 761 altered unique pathways and regulated the expressions of some specific neuronal receptor genes exclusively in frontal cortex.
華聯產品: Human OneArray

Identification of differentially expressed genes in myocardium of patients with heart failure by human whole genomic oligonucleotide microarray-assisted pathways analysis.

Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi 2009, 37(2):120-125
Abstract
To identify the differentially expressed gene profiles in myocardium of patients with heart failure using human whole genomic oligonucleotide microarray-assisted pathway analysis. Phalanx whole genomic oligonucleotide microarrays were used to detect the gene expression profiles of myocardium in four patients died of heart failure and 4 brain died patients without heart diseases. The microarray findings were confirmed by real-time quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. The genes with a threshold of 1.2 times fold-change were selected and BioCarta Pathway and KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopaedia of Genes and Genomes) pathway databases were used to identify functionallyrelated gene pathways. A total of 2806 genes with differentially expression were detected between the failing and non-failing heart samples,expression changes of 399 genes were more than 2-folds. Eleven pathways were identified by BioCarta pathway database and sixteen pathways were identified by KEGG PATHWAY Database. Genomic microarray-assisted pathway analysis could help to identify gene expression profiles in failing heart.
華聯產品: Mouse OneArray

Interactive transcriptome analysis of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli+H23 (EHEC) O157:H7 and intestinal epithelial HT-29 cells after bacterial attachment.

International Journal of Food Microbiology 2009, 131(2-3):224-32. doi: 10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2009.03.002
Abstract
Here, the gene expression profiles of EHEC O157:H7 and HT-29 during the attachment stage were investigated by using duplex whole transcriptome analysis. After the initial attachment (3 h), the gene regulation systems of both the EHEC O157:H7 and HT-29 host cells were immediately remodeled. A total of 326 genes of the HT-29 cells, which involved proteins associated with the detoxification process, stress response proteins, anti-apoptosis/inflammation proteins, immune response protein, and oxidative stress proteins, were differentially regulated by more than 2.0-fold during EHEC attachment. In contrast, when HT-29 was attached to EHEC the expression of 611 genes was induced and the expression of 384 genes was reduced by more than twofold when compared to RPMI 1640-grown EHEC (16.14% of the total hybridized genes). Among the genes that were classified according to biological function, the mRNA levels of the genes involved in stress response, oxidative stress, cell signaling and cell surface proteins were significantly altered after the attachment of EHEC O157:H7. Therefore, the results of this study provide crucial insight into the genetic networks that provide host cell protection and the strategy of EHEC O157:H7 pathogenesis in gastro-intestinal (GI) tracts.
華聯產品: Mouse OneArray

Effect of hydroxyurea on the promoter occupancy profiles of tumor suppressor p53 and p73.

BMC Biology 2009, 7:35. doi: 10.1186/1741-7007-7-35
Abstract
The p53 tumor suppressor and its related protein, p73, share a homologous DNA binding domain, and mouse genetics studies have suggested that they have overlapping as well as distinct biological functions. Both p53 and p73 are activated by genotoxic stress to regulate an array of cellular responses. Previous studies have suggested that p53 and p73 independently activate the cellular apoptotic program in response to cytotoxic drugs. The goal of this study was to compare the promoter-binding activity of p53 and p73 at steady state and after genotoxic stress induced by hydroxyurea.We employed chromatin immunoprecipitation, the NimbleGen promoter arrays and a model-based algorithm for promoter arrays to identify promoter sequences enriched in anti-p53 or anti-p73 immunoprecipitates, either before or after treatment with hydroxyurea, which increased the expression of both p53 and p73 in the human colon cancer cell line HCT116-3(6). We calculated a model-based algorithm for promoter array score for each promoter and found a significant correlation between the promoter occupancy profiles of p53 and p73. We also found that after hydroxyurea treatment, the p53-bound promoters were still bound by p73, but p73 became associated with additional promoters that that did not bind p53. In particular, we showed that hydroxyurea induces the binding of p73 but not p53 to the promoter of MLH3, which encodes a mismatch repair protein, and causes an up-regulation of the MLH3 mRNA.These results suggest that hydroxyurea exerts differential effects on the promoter-binding functions of p53 and p73 and illustrate the power of model-based algorithm for promoter array in the analyses of promoter occupancy profiles of highly homologous transcription factors.
華聯產品: Human OneArray

Dual knockdown of N-ras and epiregulin synergistically suppressed the growth of human hepatoma cells.

Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 2009, 387(2):239-44. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2009.06.128
Abstract
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a major challenge because of its resistance to conventional cytotoxic chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Multi-targeted therapy might be a new option for HCC treatment. Our previous study showed that N-ras gene was activated in HCC and was inhibited by RNA interference. In the present study, we investigated the alternation of gene expression by microarray in N-Ras-siRNA-treated HepG2 cells. The results revealed that the EREG gene, encoding epiregulin, was dramatically up-regulated in response to silence of N-ras. We speculated that the up-regulation of epiregulin was involved in the compensatory mechanism of N-ras knockdown for cell growth. Therefore, we evaluated whether dual silence of N-ras and epiregulin display a greater suppression of cell growth. The results confirmed that dual knockdown of N-ras and epiregulin synergistically inhibited cell growth. Our results also showed that dual knockdown of N-ras and epiregulin significantly induced cell arrest at G0/G1 phase. Furthermore, Western blot assay showed that dual knockdown of N-ras and epiregulin markedly reduced the phosphorylations of ERK1/2, Akt and Rb, and inhibited the expression of cyclin D1. Our findings imply that multi-targeted silence of oncogenes might be an effective treatment for HCC.
華聯產品: Mouse OneArray

A neural network model for constructing endophenotypes of common complex diseases: an application to male young-onset hypertension microarray data.

BIOINFORMATICS 2009, 25(8):981-8. doi: 10.1093/bioinformatics/btp106
Abstract
Identification of disease-related genes using high-throughput microarray data is more difficult for complex diseases as compared with monogenic ones. We hypothesized that an endophenotype derived from transcriptional data is associated with a set of genes corresponding to a pathway cluster. We assumed that a complex disease is associated with multiple endophenotypes and can be induced by their up/downregulated gene expression patterns. Thus, a neural network model was adopted to simulate the gene-endophenotype-disease relationship in which endophenotypes were represented by hidden nodes. RESULTS: We successfully constructed a three-endophenotype model for Taiwanese hypertensive males with high identification accuracy. Of the three endophenotypes, one is strongly protective, another is weakly protective and the third is highly correlated with developing young-onset male hypertension. Sixteen of the involved 101 genes were highly and consistently influential to the endophenotypes. Identification of SLC4A5, SLC5A10 and LDOC1 indicated that sodium/bicarbonate transport, sodium/glucose transport and cell-proliferation regulation may play important upstream roles and identification of BNIP1, APOBEC3F and LDOC1 suggested that apoptosis, innate immune response and cell-proliferation regulation may play important downstream roles in hypertension. The involved genes not only provide insights into the mechanism of hypertension but should also be considered in future gene mapping endeavors.
華聯產品: Mouse OneArray

Nuclear factor-kB bioluminescence imaging-guided transcriptomic analysis for the assessment of host?Vbiomaterial interaction in vivo.

Biomaterials 2009, 30(17):3042-9. doi: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2009.02.016
Abstract
Establishment of a comprehensive platform for the assessment of host-biomaterial interaction in vivo is an important issue. Nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) is an inducible transcription factor that is activated by numerous stimuli. Therefore, NF-kappaB-dependent luminescent signal in transgenic mice carrying the luciferase genes was used as the guide to monitor the biomaterials-affected organs, and transcriptomic analysis was further applied to evaluate the complex host responses in affected organs in this study. In vivo imaging showed that genipin-cross-linked gelatin conduit (GGC) implantation evoked the strong NF-kappaB activity at 6h in the implanted region, and transcriptomic analysis showed that the expressions of interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-24, and IL-1 family were up-regulated. A strong luminescent signal was observed in spleen on 14 d, suggesting that GGC implantation might elicit the biological events in spleen. Transcriptomic analysis of spleen showed that 13 Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathways belonging to cell cycles, immune responses, and metabolism were significantly altered by GGC implants. Connectivity Map analysis suggested that the gene signatures of GGC were similar to those of compounds that affect lipid or glucose metabolism. GeneSetTest analysis further showed that host responses to GGC implants might be related to diseases states, especially the metabolic and cardiovascular diseases. In conclusion, our data provided a concept of molecular imaging-guided transcriptomic platform for the evaluation and the prediction of host-biomaterial interaction in vivo.
華聯產品: Human OneArray

A novel three-dimensional aerogel biochip for molecular recognition of nucleotide acids.

Acta Biomaterialia 2010, 6(4):1462-70. doi: 10.1016/j.actbio.2009.10.001
Abstract
Mesoporous aerogel was produced under regular atmospheric conditions using the sol-gel polymerization of tetraethyl orthosilicate with an ionic liquid as both solvent and active agent. This was then used to build a three-dimensional structure to recognize nucleotide acids. Fourier transformation infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, (29)Si solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance, and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller instruments were used to characterize this 3D aerogel, demonstrating that it had high porosity and large internal networking surface area that could capture nucleotide acids. The functionality of molecular recognition on nucleotide acids was demonstrated by immobilizing an oligonucleotide to probe its DNA target and confirming the tagged fluorescent signals by confocal laser scanning microscopy. The results indicated that the as-prepared 3D bioaerogel was capable of providing a very large surface area to capture and recognize human gene ATP5O.
華聯產品: Mouse OneArray

Integrated analysis of copy number alteration and RNA expression profiles of cancer using a high-resolution whole-genome oligonucleotide array.

EXPERIMENTAL and MOLECULAR MEDICINE 2009, 41(7):462-70. doi: 10.3858/emm.2009.41.7.051
Abstract
Recently, microarray-based comparative genomic hybridization (array-CGH) has emerged as a very efficient technology with higher resolution for the genome-wide identification of copy number alterations (CNA). Although CNAs are thought to affect gene expression, there is no platform currently available for the integrated CNA-expression analysis. To achieve high-resolution copy number analysis integrated with expression profiles, we established human 30k oligoarray-based genome-wide copy number analysis system and explored the applicability of this system for integrated genome and transcriptome analysis using MDA-MB-231 cell line. We compared the CNAs detected by the oligoarray with those detected by the 3k BAC array for validation. The oligoarray identified the single copy difference more accurately and sensitively than the BAC array. Seventeen CNAs detected by both platforms in MDA-MB-231 such as gains of 5p15.33-13.1, 8q11.22-8q21.13, 17p11.2, and losses of 1p32.3, 8p23.3-8p11.21, and 9p21 were consistently identified in previous studies on breast cancer. There were 122 other small CNAs (mean size 1.79 mb) that were detected by oligoarray only, not by BAC-array. We performed genomic qPCR targeting 7 CNA regions, detected by oligoarray only, and one non-CNA region to validate the oligoarray CNA detection. All qPCR results were consistent with the oligoarray-CGH results. When we explored the possibility of combined interpretation of both DNA copy number and RNA expression profiles, mean DNA copy number and RNA expression levels showed a significant correlation. In conclusion, this 30k oligoarray-CGH system can be a reasonable choice for analyzing whole genome CNAs and RNA expression profiles at a lower cost.
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